Center for Integrative Psychiatry

TMS for Pain Management and Addiction

Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is a non-invasive brain stimulation technique that uses magnetic fields to stimulate nerve cells in the brain. TMS has been used for various mental health conditions, including depression and anxiety, but it also has potential applications for pain management and addiction.

 

Pain Management

Chronic pain is a common and debilitating condition that can significantly impact a person’s quality of life. TMS has been studied as a potential treatment for chronic pain, particularly neuropathic pain, which is caused by damage to the nerves themselves. One study found that TMS reduced pain in patients with neuropathic pain, and another study found that it reduced pain sensitivity in healthy individuals.

 

While the exact mechanism of how TMS reduces pain is not yet fully understood, it is believed to involve changes in the excitability of neurons in the brain and spinal cord. In addition, TMS may also affect the levels of neurotransmitters such as dopamine and serotonin, which are involved in pain regulation.

 

Addiction

Addiction is a chronic, relapsing disorder characterized by compulsive drug use despite harmful consequences. TMS has shown promise as a potential treatment for addiction, particularly for nicotine and cocaine addiction.

 

In one study, TMS was used to target the prefrontal cortex, a brain region involved in decision-making and impulse control, in individuals with nicotine addiction. After four weeks of treatment, participants who received TMS had a higher abstinence rate than those who received a sham treatment.

 

TMS has also been studied as a potential treatment for cocaine addiction. For example, one study found that TMS reduced cocaine cravings and improved cognitive control in individuals with cocaine addiction.

 

It is important to note that TMS is not a standalone treatment for addiction and is often used with other treatments, such as cognitive-behavioral therapy and medication-assisted treatment.

 

Conclusion

TMS has potential applications for pain management and addiction, but further research is needed to understand its efficacy and mechanisms of action fully. If you want to learn more about TMS and whether it may be a suitable treatment option, please consult a qualified mental health professional.

 

At the Center for Integrative Psychiatry, we offer TMS treatment for various mental health conditions, including depression, anxiety, and pain management. Our team of experienced clinicians and providers is dedicated to providing personalized and evidence-based care to help our patients achieve their mental health goals. For more information, please fill out the inquiry form on our website at www.texascip.com

 

Stay tuned for our upcoming blog post on TMS and its positive impact on cognitive enhancement.

 

Sources:

  1. Rossi, S., Hallett, M., Rossini, P. M., Pascual-Leone, A., & Safety of TMS Consensus Group. (2009). Safety, ethical considerations, and application guidelines for the use of transcranial magnetic stimulation in clinical practice and research. Clinical Neurophysiology, 120(12), 2008-2039. doi: 10.1016/j.clinph.2009.08.016
  2. Lefaucheur, J.-P. (2016). Noninvasive Brain Stimulation in Pain Management: A Review of Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation and Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation. Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences / Journal Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques, 43(2), 157–165. doi: 10.1017/cjn.2015.310
  3. American Society of Addiction Medicine. (2019). Definition of addiction. 
  4. Fox, M. D., Buckner, R. L., White, M. P., Greicius, M. D., & Pascual-Leone, A. (2012). Efficacy of transcranial magnetic stimulation targets for depression is related to intrinsic functional connectivity with the subgenual cingulate. Biological Psychiatry, 72(7), 595–603.
  5. Lefaucheur, J. P., André-Obadia, N., Antal, A., Ayache, S. S., Baeken, C., Benninger, D. H., Cantello, R. M., Cincotta, M., de Carvalho, M., De Ridder, D., Devanne, H., Di Lazzaro, V., Filipović, S. R., Hummel, F. C., Jaaskelainen, S. K., Kimiskidis, V. K., Koch, G., Langguth, B., … Garcia-Larrea, L. (2014). Evidence-based guidelines on the therapeutic use of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS). Clinical Neurophysiology, 125(11), 2150–2206.
  6. Narouze, S. (2016). Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) in Pain Management. Pain Management, 6(3), 269–275.

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